Paediatric Dental Care
- Pit & Fissure Sealants
Sealants are a safe and painless way of protecting your teeth from decay. A sealant is a protective plastic coating, which is applied to the biting surfaces of the back teeth. The sealant forms a hard shield that keeps food and bacteria from getting into the tiny grooves in the teeth and causing decay.
- Nursing Bottle Caries
The decay-producing capabilities of certain foods can be influenced by eating habits. When a habit of frequent nocturnal bottle or breast feeding is maintained beyond a year of age, the potential for gross dental decay in very young children is established. Bovine milk, milk formulas and human breast milk have all been implicated in the condition of "nursing bottle caries," because of their lactose content. Additional sweeteners in the nursing bottle, the use of fruit juices or the use of honey-dipped pacifiers can also cause "nursing bottle caries." "Nursing bottle caries" can be prevented through a timely educational program to new parents. Prevention is particularly applicable in young children, since a healthy oral condition promotes good nutrition, a healthy state and normal growth.
- Caries Preventure Fluoride Varnish
Topically-applied fluoride varnishes have been used extensively as an operator-applied caries-preventive intervention for over three decades. Fluoride varnishes adhere to enamel, and calcium fluoride formed after application acts as a long-term reservoir of fluoride. Currently Duraphat varnish is the most widely used topical fluoride for professional application in Europe, and the use of fluoride varnishes is increasing in the USA. Duraphat varnish has been effective in three decades of clinical studies, but the results of Fluor Protector varnish are inconclusive.
- Stainless Steel Crown
The treatment for grossly decayed primary teeth was extractions. Stainless steel is composed of iron, carbon, chromium, nickel, manganese and other metals. The term stainless steel is used when the chromium contents exceeds 11% (usually a range of 12 to 30%. The chromium oxidizes and forms a protective film of chromium oxide which protects against corrosion. While originally intended for the restoration of posterior primary and young permanent teeth, its use was expanded to badly decayed anterior teeth.